Gray and pink, with leggy limbs and a long tail, the axolotl is a strange and fascinating creature. It’s a permanently aquatic salamander found in Mexico, and has long been a subject of curiosity for biologists.

While it shares many anatomical and physiological similarities with its terrestrial cousins, the axolotl’s inability to undergo metamorphosis sets it apart from all other salamanders. However, in the wild, axolotls are often preyed upon by other animals, including big fish, turtles, birds, snakes, humans, and even other axolotls or salamanders.

Today, we will be focusing on what animals eat axolotls in the wild. We will also look at potential predators of the axolotl in captivity. So, stay tuned

7 Types Of Animals That Eat Axolotls

Axolotls are a type of amphibians that can regenerate lost body parts, making them incredibly resilient animals. Unfortunately, this also makes them a tempting target for many predators. Here are 7 types of animals that eat axolotls.

7 Types Of Animals That Eat
Image Credit: Boud’feu & Pitaya, Instagram

1. Snakes

In the wild, snakes are one of the biggest threats to axolotls. They tend to hide in the aquatic vegetation during the day but come out at night, when snakes hunt for food.

Moreover, snakes are drawn to axolotls because they are an easy meal – they are slow moving and lack any real defense mechanisms. Small snakes are especially attracted to the larvae of axolotls or juvies, which are easy to swallow.

2. Turtles

Turtles can be found living in the same aquatic habitats as axolotls, and surprisingly, they are also one of their predators. While most turtles usually feed on plants there are some species of turtles that actively hunt and prey on smaller animals, including axolotls. To be specific, snapping turtles are the most common predators of axolotls.

3. Stork

Storks are strange-looking animals, with long necks and legs and stilted gait. They are also notorious for their habit of stealing other animals’ babies. Also, storks are voracious eaters, and their diet consists of a wide variety of animals. One of their favorite foods is the axolotl.

The axolotl is especially prized by storks because of its high-fat content, which helps to keep the stork’s long neck and legs well-nourished. In addition to axolotls, storks also enjoy eating snakes, lizards, fish, and rodents.

4. Tilapia Fish 

Fish like tilapia are common in lakes, rivers, and ponds. It’s also known to be one of the top predators of axolotls. Tilapia is known to be aggressive hunters, and they use their sharp teeth to grab and consume their prey.

Tilapia fishes are also capable of entering shallow water, where young axolotls and larvae often hide. As such, they are able to prey on the axolotl’s young and vulnerable offspring. Also, Tilapia tends to eat axolotls’ egg clutches, which can significantly reduce the population of axolotls in a given area

5. Carps

Fish like Carps are commonly found in aquatic habitats. They are found in North America, Europe, and Asia. Several individuals reach lengths of more than six feet, making them quite large. With their slimy bodies and sharp teeth, they grab their prey effortlessly.

Moreover, carps are opportunistic feeders, and they will eat almost anything that fits in their mouth – including axolotls. Yes, carps are one of the main predators of axolotls. Also, they are known to be able to sense underwater vibrations, which helps them to locate their prey. As axolotls are not super quick swimmers, carps pose a significant threat to axolotls.

6. Herons

Herons are wading birds that inhabit many parts of the world, including North America and Europe. They usually hunt for food near bodies of water, and they are attracted to the slow-moving axolotl. Undoubtedly, heron’s sharp beaks make them particularly dangerous predators for axolotls.

Big-sized herons can easily grab and swallow adult axolotls. Also, herons can use their long legs to wade into the shallow water, where baby axolotls and larvae hide. This makes it easier for herons to prey on young axolotls.

7. Humans

Last but not least, humans are one of the main predators of axolotls. Humans hunt and eat axolotls for food in some parts of the world. In Japan, for example, where axolotls are considered a delicacy, humans actively hunt and eat axolotls.

In other parts of the world, humans can unintentionally harm or kill axolotls. For example, when humans pollute the water with toxic chemicals, it can be hazardous for axolotls. As such, humans are one of the main threats to axolotls.

How Do Axolotls Protect Themselves from Predators?

Axolotls, the fascinating aquatic creatures known for their fringed gills and wide smiles, have a unique set of defense mechanisms to protect themselves from predators. These mechanisms are not only intriguing but also underscore the axolotl’s resilience in the face of danger.

The Art of Camouflage

One of the primary ways axolotls protect themselves is through camouflage. Their natural coloration, which ranges from dark to light shades, allows them to blend seamlessly with their surroundings. This makes it difficult for predators to spot them, especially in the murky waters of their native habitat, the Xochimilco lake system in Mexico.

The Power of Regeneration

Axolotls possess an extraordinary ability to regenerate lost body parts. This means that if a predator manages to get a hold of them, they can escape by sacrificing a limb, which they can later regrow. This regenerative ability is not limited to limbs; axolotls can also regenerate their heart, lungs, and even parts of their brain and spinal cord.

According to a study published in the journal Nature, this remarkable regenerative capacity is due to the axolotl’s high concentration of macrophages, a type of white blood cell that plays a crucial role in wound healing and tissue regeneration.

What Conservation Efforts are in Place to Protect Axolotls from Predation?

Despite their impressive defense mechanisms, axolotls are critically endangered in the wild. Their population has been decimated by a combination of habitat loss, pollution, and predation. However, various conservation efforts are underway to protect these unique creatures from extinction.

Habitat Restoration and Protection

The primary focus of conservation efforts is the restoration and protection of the axolotl’s natural habitat. This includes cleaning up the polluted waters of the Xochimilco lake system and implementing measures to prevent further degradation. For instance, the Mexican government has established the “Axolotl Lake” project, which aims to restore a portion of the lake system specifically for axolotls.

Breeding and Reintroduction Programs

Several organizations, including the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust and the Amphibian Ark, have initiated captive breeding programs for axolotls. These programs aim to increase the axolotl population in a controlled environment and then reintroduce them into their natural habitat. The hope is that these reintroduced individuals will bolster the wild population and increase its genetic diversity.

Public Education and Awareness

Raising public awareness about the plight of the axolotls is another crucial aspect of conservation efforts. Various campaigns have been launched to educate the public about the importance of axolotls to the ecosystem and the threats they face. These campaigns also promote responsible pet ownership, as the axolotl pet trade has contributed to their decline in the wild.


After reading this article, you are now familiar with the various predators of axolotls. As you have seen, axolotls face a variety of predators, from the common snapping turtle to the more unusual stork.

Humans are also a major threat to axolotls due to their polluting activities. To ensure the survival of these unique creatures, it is important to take steps to protect their habitat and help them live peacefully.

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